We are the Local Environment Group for the area around Prestwood in Buckinghamshire, including Great Missenden,
The Hampdens, The Kingshills, North Dean and Speen
We aim to protect and enhance the quality of the natural environment through the involvement of local people.
Grasses, Sedges and Rushes
Most agricultural land is dominated by common grasses, most of them introduced strains of rye etc, that are more productive for feeding cattle, but various uncommon woodland grasses thrive in our woodlands – Wood Millet and Wood Melick being abundant, with much Wood Meadow-grass, Wood Barley (especially on the Hampden Estate), Southern Wood-rush, and a few sites for Wood Small-reed. These are joined in the most acid areas by Wavy Hair-grass, Pill Sedge and Pale Sedge. Lesser Hairy-brome, on the other hand, has only been reported from two sites, and at one of these it has been trampled out of existence by horse-riders. Great Wood-rush is similarly elusive and has only one recent site (Longfield Wood).
Old meadow grasses like Tor-grass, Downy Oat-grass and Meadow Oat-grass are confined to a relatively small number of sites. In acid grasslands there is occasionally Black Bent and, in only one known site, Heath-grass.
Roadsides are now the best places to look for Prickly Sedge and Grey Sedge (both subspecies divulsa and leersii occur).
Surprisingly, Reed is very uncommon locally, with only one known site beside a roadside ditch on Wycombe Road in Prestwood.
One interesting grass has invaded the area recently, having become common in the London area, and that is Water Bent, found for the first time at two different sites in Prestwood in 2008.
Now extinct in the wild, Interrupted Brome used to grow in agricultural land in this area, but it now only survives in one garden in Hughenden Valley where it was deliberately sown to help preserve it.
Local records include 11 species of rush, 17 sedges, and 81 grasses.
|Activities for Children|
|Publicity & Liaison|
|Walks and Visits|
|Junior Photo Competition|
|Great Missenden Library|
|Angling Spring Wood|
|Hedges and Special Trees Project|
|Kiln Common Orchard|
|Prestwood Nature Reserve|
|Boug's Meadow History|
|Why no car park at Boug's Meadow|
|Butterfly Transect Route|
|Kiln Common Orchard Planting Plan|
|Ecological Flora of the Central Chilterns|
|Flowering Plants: Arable Land|
|Flowering Plants: Disturbed Land|
|Flowering Plants: Meadows|
|Flowering Plants: Ponds|
|Flowering Plants: Roadsides|
|Flowering Plants: Woodlands & Hedgerows|
|Grasses, Sedges & Rushes|
|Bees and Wasps|
|Mosses & Liverworts|
|Ancient Trees & Parkland|
|Heathland & Acid Grassland|
|Collings Hanger Pond|
|Kiln Corner Pond|